There is much confusion and uncertainty around the SBA loan program. Most major banks have SBA experts who focus on the ever-changing details of the program, so if you have interest in getting an SBA loan to buy a business, please let us put you in touch with an SBA expert we know and trust.
We have completed many business acquisitions that involved SBA-guaranteed lending; here is a brief synopsis of the program.
The Small Business Administration (SBA) is an agency within the United States Department of Commerce. The SBA does not “make the loan”, they guarantee a qualifying loan made by a banking institution. The banking institution takes the risk to make the loan, yet with the guarantee from the SBA on 50-90% of the loan amount. 有了这个保证, the bank is (in theory) able to make loans they might not otherwise make.
SBA guarantees can be made on loans up to $5 million, and the purposes of the loan can be business acquisition, 合作伙伴收购, acquisition of real estate to be used in the business, 债务再融资或营运资本.
An individual cannot go directly to the SBA for a loan guarantee. The entire process has to be facilitated through a bank. 然而, 如果银行拒绝贷款请求, the borrower can go other another bank because each bank has their own basic lending profile, so what’s not good for bank A might be OK for bank B.
小企业管理局担保贷款期限为10至25年. Some loans are made on fixed rates, some on variable rates; the latter are usually 2.比质数高75分. 但考虑到利率市场的变幻莫测, we encourage you to talk directly to a banker about term and rate expectations. There are fees associated with getting an SBA guaranteed loan, 例如SBA的担保费(通常为1%), 当然, there are usually appraisal and/or environmental reports required, 和任何银行贷款一样.
Using an SBA guaranteed loan makes particularly good sense when buying an existing business that has goodwill associated with the valuation. The SBA requires a minimum debt-coverage ratio (usually 1.15), which is the cash flow from the business divided by the amount of debt service on the loan. A bank might have higher debt coverage requirements as a way to be more conservative in their decision-making. The higher the debt coverage ratio, the more conservative the banker is being. Banks will usually collateralize their loans through with the business’ accounts receivable, 库存和家具, 固定装置和设备. 但请记住, when the bank calculates the value of their collateral, they will NOT look at market value or even book value of the business assets, 他们只会考虑清算价值.
You can assume an SBA guaranteed loan will require a personal guarantee, 即使你在交易中有股份, 即使贷款有全部抵押. Don’t even ask to have the personal guarantee waived. Moreover, it’s likely the bank will want to get life insurance on the borrower. That’s right, collateral on top of collateral on top of collateral.
The SBA will not provide a loan guarantee if the borrower has defaulted on other government-guaranteed loans, 比如学生贷款. 最后, the SBA will generally not provide a guarantee if the borrow wants to loan to do something outside their area of experience. Example if you are an accountant for a big hospital company but decide you want to be an entrepreneur and buy an auto repair franchise, you will probably be out of luck when trying to get an SBA-guaranteed loan.
总之, whenever you are seeking to secure an SBA guaranteed loan, 或者任何贷款, remember that you will be evaluated on what is called “the Five Cs of credit: collateral capacity (that’s what the debt coverage ratio tells you); capital (does the borrower have equity invested in the deal?); character (felons need not apply); conditions (what’s going on in the community, 在服务的行业中, 等.).
Banks want to work with borrowers and having SBA guarantees helps the process. 欲了解更多信息，请随时与我们联系.